Uncanny Valley: Realism In Visualisation And Character Design
Harry Brenton, Marco Gillies and David Surman
- Edited by Helen Sloan

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1. These contributions arise from the proceedings of a seminar looking at issues raised by Masahiro Mori’s concept of Uncanny Valley in robotics for contemporary gaming, film and art held at Dana Centre, London, March 2006 and co-moderated by Hannah Redler, Science Museum and Helen Sloan, SCAN as part of Node.London festival.

2. See Harry Brenton, Marco Gillies, Daniel Ballin and David Chatting (2005). Paper presented at HCI 2005, Animated Characters Interaction Workshop, Napier University, Edinburgh

3. For more information on Marco Gillies’ work

4. Tools and techniques for teaching anatomy using Web3D. 2005.

5. See Surman, David (2007) following.

6. See Edge Magazine (2006) / no. 161, April


Bouldin, J. (2005) / ‘Criminal Realism: Virtual Child Pornography, Photorealism and the Legislation of the Virtual Animated Body’ / Entertext 4:1

Brenton, Harry, Gillies, Marco, Ballin, Daniel & Chatting, David (2005) /  'The Uncanny Valley: Does it Exist?' / Paper presented at HCI 2005, Animated Characters Interaction Workshop /Edinburgh: Napier University.

Faraci A, Bello F, Darzi A (2005) / 'Soft tissue deformation using a nonlinear hierarchical finite element model with real-time online refinement' / Studies in Health Technology and Informatics (111)

Ferrell, R. (1991) /  ‘Life-Threatening Life: Angela Carter and the Uncanny’ in The Illusion of Life / Alan Cholodenko (ed) / Sydney: Power Institute of Fine Art

Maithel S, Sierra R, Korndorffer J, Neumann P, Dawson S, Callery M et al (2006) / 'Construct and face validity of MIST-VR, Endotower and CELTS / Surgical Endoscopy; 20 (1)

Grodal, T. (2002) / ‘The Experience of Realism in Audiovisual Representation’ /

Hale KS, Stanney KM (2004) / 'Deriving haptic design guidelines from human physiological, psychophysical, and neurological foundations.' IEEE Computer Graphic Applications 24(2)

Mori, Masahiro (1970) / 'The Uncanny Valley' / Energy 7:4 / trans. Karl F. MacDorman & Takashi Minato / Proceedings Cog-Sci 2005: Towards Mechanisms of  Android Science /

Stoyanov,D; ElHelw,M; Lo,B; Chung,A; Bello,F; Yang,G. (2005) / 'Photorealistic Visualization for Virtual and Augmented Reality' in Minimally Invasive Surgery / 7th International Conference on Information Visualisation (IV03) / 03 July /

Uncanny Valley/ Node.London festival            


MIST VR            

Marco Gillies
, researcher in Computer Graphics and Virtual Environments at University College London; David Surman, lecturer in Computer Games Design, University of Wales Newport; and Harry Brenton, research fellow in the Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London.